Life[ edit ] In spite of his stature as a historian, modern historians know relatively little about Thucydides's life.
The Nature of Philosophy Methods and definitions Philosophy has almost as many definitions as there have been philosophers, both as a subject matter and an activity. Its investigations are based upon rational thinking, striving to make no unexamined assumptions and no leaps based on faith or pure analogy.
Different philosophers have had varied ideas about the nature of reason, and there is also disagreement about the subject matter of philosophy. Some think that philosophy examines the process of inquiry itself.
Others, that there are essentially philosophical propositions which it is the task of philosophy to prove.
The issue of the definition of philosophy is nowadays tackled by Metaphilosophy or the philosophy of Legalism vs confucianism essay. Modern usage of the term is extremely broad, covering reflection on every aspect of human knowledge and the means by which such knowledge can be acquired.
In the contemporary English-speaking academic world, the term is often used implicitly to refer to analytic philosophy and, in non-English speaking countries, it often refers implicitly to a different, European strain, continental philosophy.
Until the Renaissance'philosophy' and 'science' were considered the same discipline. Many ancient Greek philosophers distinguished the desire for wisdom from desires for material things, vices, and the satisfaction of bodily desires. The definition of wisdom for many ancient Greeks would have been about virtue and the desire for knowledge as opposed to false opinions.
However, the term is notoriously difficult to define because of the diverse range of ideas that have been labeled as philosophy. The Penguin Dictionary of Philosophy defines it as the study of "the most fundamental and general concepts and principles involved in thought, action, and reality.
However, these points are called into question by the Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, which states: Philosophy as a Worldview A "philosophy" may also refer to a general worldview or to a specific ethic or belief that can be utterly unrelated to academic philosophical considerations.
This meaning of the term is perhaps as important as the classical definition, because it affects each human being. Virtually everyone, knowingly or unknowingly, lives and operates based upon a set of values and beliefs that are often unexpressed and even unconscious. As a result, the may easily be incompatible and contradictory, leaving those who maintain them with a sense of uneasiness.
However, it is most likely to be at odds with other convictions held by that same individual, such as a secret passion for art or love for his family. Branches, schools and doctrines Branches The ancient Greeks organized the subject into five basic categories: This organization of the subject is still partly in use in Western philosophy today, but the notion of philosophy has become more restricted to the key issues of being, knowledge, and ethics.
There are many places where these subjects overlap, and there are many philosophical ideas that cannot be placed neatly into only one of these categories.Read this essay on Confucianism vs Legalism.
Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at skybox2008.com". Confucianism and Legalism were two philosophies of the "Hundred Schools of Thought" of the Eastern Chou (Zhou) Dynasty that have left profound effects on Chinese thinking, culture, and essentially every aspect of Chinese life.
Back in the early civilizations of China, there was a major controversy between two different ideologies: Legalism and Confucianism. Legalism was a political philosophy that taught that a powerful and efficient government is . Confucianism, Daoism & Legalism Uploaded by tyson_ on Feb 02, Confucianism, Daoism & Legalism Amidst the chaos of political instability and constant warring of the Zhou era, arose many intellectual thinkers that brought such profound impact in the field of politics, religion and philosophy.
Rae West 20th August Some people believe that whites need to reunite as Christian communities as part of the process of opposing so-called 'Jews'. Or to return to what they think was a comfortable, better life as Christians.
(Chapter 7) China & Indian Empires (Eastern Civilizations) Intro to Classical Eastern Civilzations, Chinese Dynasties, Indian Empires (Mauryan & Gupta).