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What causes communication problems in autism or asperger's? The causes of speech and language problems in Autism Spectrum Disorders are still unknown, though experts believe that the difficulties are caused by a variety of conditions that occur either before, during, or after birth affecting brain development.
The individual's ability to interpret and interact with the world is affected, and some scientists tie the communication problems to a theory of mind or impaired ability to think about thoughts or imagine another individual's state of mind.
Associated with this inability to see another's point of view is an impaired ability to symbolize, both when trying to communicate and in play. In some cases, sensory problems can mean children are so sensitive to touch that they may find the feeling of their own tongue, teeth, lips touching each other to be unpleasant so they may not move their mouths much, or avoid talking completely.
In more severe cases of autism, intellectual disability can be a comorbid disorder that affects the development of communication as well.
Variety of effects on communication across the spectrum Speech development in people on the autism spectrum takes different paths than the majority of neurotypical children. Common problems are lack of eye contactpoor attention, being able to point objects to others, and difficulty with the 'give and take' in normal conversation.
Some children with autism will remain mute throughout their lives with varying degrees of literacy; communication in other ways — images, visual clues, sign language, and typing may be far more natural to them. The effects of autism or Asperger's on communication are extremely varied.
They are both increasingly referred to as being part of the autism spectrum due to the variability and degree of its effects.
Contrary to the prevailing traditional stereotype of mute people with Kanner-type autism, around one third of people diagnosed with this type of autism will develop what is often viewed as dysfunctional verbal language, relying on rote learned stored phrases, songs, jingles and advertisements.
Those with the autism spectrum condition of Semantic Pragmatic Disorder fall into this group. Those who do speak sometimes use language in unusual ways, retaining features of earlier stages of language development for long periods or throughout their lives. Some speak only single words, while others repeat a mimicked phrase over and over.
Some repeat what they hear, a condition called echolalia. Sing-song repetitions in particular are a calming, joyous activity that many autistic adults engage in. Many people with autism have a strong tonal sense, and can often understand at least some spoken language whilst others can understand language fluently.
Some children, particularly those with Asperger's syndrome, may exhibit only slight delays in language, or even seem to have precocious language and unusually large vocabularies, but have great difficulty in sustaining typical conversations.
Just as people without autism have trouble understanding autistic body languages, vocal tones, or phraseology, people with autism similarly have trouble with such things in people without autism. In particular, autistic language abilities tend to be highly literal; people without autism often inappropriately attribute hidden meaning to what people with autism say or expect the person with autism to sense such unstated meaning in their own words.
Some people with high-functioning autism demonstrate advanced cognitive ability, but lack the skills or are not inclined to interact with others socially. An example of the this is the noted autistic Temple Grandinwho holds a PhD and is a successful developer of livestock handling technologies.
Others may be delayed, developing language as late as the teenage years. Still, inability to speak does not mean that people with autism are unintelligent or unaware.
Once given appropriate accommodations, some will happily converse for hours, and can often be found in online chat rooms, discussion boards or websites and even using communication devices at autism-community social events such as Autreat.
Body language and autism Sometimes, the body language of people with autism can be difficult for other people to understand.
Facial expressions, movements, and gestures may be easily understood by some other people with autism, but do not match those used by other people. Also, their tone of voice has a much more subtle inflection in reflecting their feelings, and the auditory system of a person without autism often cannot sense the fluctuations.
What seems to non-autistic people like odd prosody; things like a high-pitched, sing-song, or flat, robot-like voice may be common in autistic children and some will have combinations of these prosody issues. Some autistic children with relatively good language skills speak like little adults, rather than communicating at their current age level, which is one of the things that can lead to problems.
Since non-autistic people are often unfamiliar with the autistic body language, and since autistic natural language may not tend towards speech, autistic people often struggle to let other people know what they need.
As anybody might do in such a situation, they may scream in frustration or resort to grabbing what they want. While waiting for non-autistic people to learn to communicate with them, people with autism do whatever they can to get through to them.
Communication difficulties may contribute to autistic people becoming socially anxious or depressed or prone to self-injurious behaviors. Recently, with the awareness that those with autism can have more than one condition, a significant percentage of people with autism are being diagnosed with co-morbid mood, anxiety and compulsive disorders which may also contribute to behavioral and functioning challenges.D ear Success-Minded Fitness Professional,.
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More. Different Communication Styles. Introduction. Whether communicating through speech or some other method, your communication style has a lot to do with how much of what you "say" will truly be understood and accepted.
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