Guiding Legacy or Passing Memory?
World War I left many Americans distrustful of international politics and committed to steering the nation back to prewar modes of life. Many were wary of the growing influence of socialist and Communist ideas, which they associated with labor unions and immigrant radicals.
Congress enacted sweeping exclusionary immigration acts inradically curtailing the flow of immigrants into the country. For other Americans, World War I ushered in more progressive forms of political and social life. Women and racial minorities gained some civil liberties and some new social freedoms during this period, though they still faced discrimination.
Political, social, and cultural life in the United States was transformed by the stock market crash ofwhich led to an economic depression with a 25 percent unemployment rate. This economic catastrophe was known as the Great Depression.
The war unified the country politically and revitalized industry and employment. Some writers celebrated modern developments while others lamented them. Most writers believed that old literary forms would not work for new times and were inspired by the possibility of creating something entirely new.
Writers of the period debated the uses of literary tradition. Some wanted to honor traditional forms and language and to include allusions to canonical works of the past.
Others saw such homage as imitative or old-fashioned. Still others used literary tradition oppositionally—alluding to canonical literature ironically or fracturing traditional literary formulas.
Writers of the period also debated the place of popular culture in serious literature. Some embraced popular forms while others rejected them as cynical commercialism. Another issue was the question of how far literature should engage itself in political and social struggle.
Some felt that art should participate in the politics of the time, while others believed that art should remain a domain unto itself.
Changing Times The s saw ideological debates pitting adherents to small-town values such as the work ethic, social conformity, duty, and respectability against internationally minded radicals and affluent young people who argued for more diverse, permissive, and tolerant lifestyles.
The social codes governing sexual behavior became less restrictive. Aroundas a direct result of the industrial needs of World War I, job opportunities opened up for African Americans in the factories of the North. The Harlem Renaissance—an outpouring of innovative cultural production by African Americans centered in Harlem, a neighborhood of New York City—was one manifestation of this development.This era in American Literature is responsible for notable first works, such as the first American comedy written for the stage--The Contrast by Royall Tyler, and the first American Novel--The Power of Sympathy by William Hill, American Literature; Children's Literature Studies; Film; Literary Studies - to ; Christian Experiences of Religious Non-conformism; The Church as Lord; Christianizing Political Discourses; Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase.
Public users are able to search the site and. “An Overview of American Literature” conquest of the Americas. The development of the printing press fifty years before Columbus’s first voyage. Above all, the non-conformist aspects in the Beat representations in relation to the consumer culture are focused on.
This study shows an example of how elements of counterculture have survived in American popular culture since the s. Ann's Bookshelf Friend of my Youth Amit Chaudhuri Faber & Faber skybox2008.com , A$, hardback, pages This is a novel in which the narrator has the same name as the author and shares his profession, background, experiences and family.
WHAT IS AMERICAN LITERATURE? AN OVERVIEW When the English preacher and writer Sidney Smith asked in , “In the four quarters of the globe, who reads an American .