What was the Underground Railroad? The Underground Railroad was formed in the early 19th century and reached its height between and Much of what we know today comes from accounts after the Civil War and accurate statistics about fugitive slaves using the Underground Railway may never be verifiable. It is believed that aroundslaves between and escaped using the network.
And, as she once proudly pointed out to Frederick Douglass, in all of her journeys she "never lost a single passenger. At age five or six, she began to work as a house servant. Seven years later she was sent to work in the fields.
While she was still in her early teens, she suffered an injury that would follow her for the rest of her life. Always ready to stand up for someone else, Tubman blocked a doorway to protect another field hand from an angry overseer. The overseer picked up and threw a two-pound weight at the field hand.
It fell short, striking Tubman on the head. She never fully recovered from the blow, which subjected her to spells in which she would fall into a deep sleep. Around she married a free black named John Tubman and took his last name. She was born Araminta Ross; she later changed her first name to Harriet, after her mother.
Inin fear that she, along with the other slaves on the plantation, was to be sold, Tubman resolved to run away. She set out one night on foot.
With some assistance from a friendly white woman, Tubman was on her way. She followed the North Star by night, making her way to Pennsylvania and soon after to Philadelphia, where she found work and saved her money.
The following year she returned to Maryland and escorted her sister and her sister's two children to freedom.
She made the dangerous trip back to the South soon after to rescue her brother and two other men. On her third return, she went after her husband, only to find he had taken another wife. Undeterred, she found other slaves seeking freedom and escorted them to the North.
Tubman returned to the South again and again. She devised clever techniques that helped make her "forays" successful, including using the master's horse and buggy for the first leg of the journey; leaving on a Saturday night, since runaway notices couldn't be placed in newspapers until Monday morning; turning about and heading south if she encountered possible slave hunters; and carrying a drug to use on a baby if its crying might put the fugitives in danger.
Tubman even carried a gun which she used to threaten the fugitives if they became too tired or decided to turn back, telling them, "You'll be free or die.
On one occasion, she overheard some men reading her wanted poster, which stated that she was illiterate. She promptly pulled out a book and feigned reading it. The ploy was enough to fool the men. Tubman had made the perilous trip to slave country 19 times byincluding one especially challenging journey in which she rescued her year-old parents.
Of the famed heroine, who became known as "Moses," Frederick Douglass said, "Excepting John Brown -- of sacred memory -- I know of no one who has willingly encountered more perils and hardships to serve our enslaved people than [Harriet Tubman].
On the way to such a meeting in Boston inin an incident in Troy, New York, she helped a fugitive slave who had been captured. After the war she settled in Auburn, New York, where she would spend the rest of her long life. She died in Harriet Tubman summary: Harriet Tubman is often called the Moses of her people for leading so many of them out of bondage to freedom.
She was an abolitionist, an integral part of the Underground Railroad, a humanitarian, and a Union nurse and spy during the American Civil War.
Harriet Tubman was a fugitive slave, underground railroad conductor, abolitionist, spy, soldier, Civil War, African American, nurse, known for her work with Underground Railroad, Civil War service, and later, her advocacy of civil rights and woman suffrage.
Harriet Tubman (), born Araminta Ross, was a runaway slave and abolitionist who guided some fellow runaways to freedom as one of the most famous and successful "conductors" on the Underground Railroad.
Harriet Beecher Stowe summary: Harriet Beecher Stowe is best known for her novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which played a significant role in accelerating the movement to abolish slavery in the United States.
The book originally was a serial in the anti-slavery newspaper The National Era in Born to. Harriet Tubman's career in the Railroad was ending by December She made her last rescue trip to Maryland, bringing seven people to Canada.
In the ten years she worked as a "conductor" on the Railroad, Harriet managed to rescue over people. Known as the “Moses of her people,” Harriet Tubman was enslaved, escaped, and helped others gain their freedom as a “conductor" of the Underground Railroad. Tubman also served as a scout, spy, guerrilla soldier, and nurse for the Union Army during the Civil War.